Format : 21,5 x 28,5 cm
100 illustrations environ
Date de parution : Septembre 2012
ISBN : 978-2-87844-171-0
This work sheds light on an aspect of 19th century furniture history that
until now has remained hidden in the shadows: patents that copyrighted
virtuoso marquetry techniques. Favored by growing industrialization,
and then by the great universal exhibitions, five makers invented new
techniques that would revitalize traditional styles of ornamentation.
In 1849, Rivart perfected the dazzling technique of porcelain marquetry;
in 1850, Cremer used the electroplating process to create pieces of
furniture with metal marquetry that reflected the taste for the neo-
Boulle style; in 1864, Fourdinois conceived a technique of raised veneer
that united sculpture and marquetry; in 1874, Duvinage revived the use
of ivory in creating extraordinary mosaics in cloisonné. The end of
the 19th Century and the beginning of the 20th Century would not
be without innovations, as witnessed by the inlay work of Kayser Sohn,
who again used the electroplating process.
At the crossroads of the history of taste and technique, and combining tradition and innovation, the patents that copyrighted virtuoso marquetry techniques during this age of eclecticism illustrate the enormous originality of the decorative arts under the Second Empire and at the dawn of the Third Republic. The author, Marc Maison, is a well-known antiques dealer who specialized in this period. His collaborator, the art historian Emmanuelle Arnauld, has written a thesis on the history of marquetry patents.
- A HISTORY OF TASTE - Marquetry in France between 1840 and 1880
- A HISTORY OF TECHNIQUES - Patents and Industrial Progress
- THE RIVART PROCESS - Porcelain Marquetry
- THE PATENT OF FOURDINOIS - At the Frontiers of Marquetry and Sculpture
- CREMER AND KAYSER SOHN - The Galvanoplasty Processes
- THE IVORY CLOISONNE OF DUVINAGE - New Use of an Old Technique
. Literal transcription of the law relating to useful discoveries and the means of assuring the property rights of those recognised as being the authors, 7 January 1791 (extracts)
. Law stipulating rules on the property rights of the authors of inventions and discoveries in all types of industry, 25 May 1791 (extracts) New law on patents, 5 July 1844 (extracts)
Marc Maison est un antiquaire réputé et spécialisé dans le mobilier de cette époque ; sa collaboratrice, Emmanuelle Arnauld, historienne de l’art, a soutenu un mémoire sur l’histoire des brevets de marqueterie.